As better pictures become available, I plan to replace some of the older pictures on this site. New pictures will be accessed by clicking on the small photos on the left. I'll leave the old pictures up (for now) which are accessed as before, by clicking on the highlighted text.

Conn Cornets

Conn-Dupont Four in One Cornet, Serial number 3XX. Patent number 199,516, granted Jan. 22, 1878.  Capable of playing in Eb, C, Bb, and A.  The player would insert the appropriate crook into the mouthpipe, depending on which key was desired. The valve slides could be pulled as needed. To accomplish this, fixed lengths of tubing were attached to the valves, in addition to the normal valve slides. When the piston is in the up position, these lengths were part of the overall length of the windway. When the valve is depressed, the fixed length is subtracted, and its equivalent length added to the valve slide. This gives the valve slides, particularly the second, enough length to accommodate the long draw from Eb to A. Click *here* to see an original instruction card, courtesy Steve Ward. An advertising card can be seen *here*, and the reverse side *here*. Note that the instrument is refered to as the "American Register Valve Cornet". Click *here* to see a photo of a musician with his Four in One. *Four in One player 2*

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Conn Dupont "First Class" Eb Cornet. Serial number 4XX. Apparently playable in several  keys, this instrument appears to be a less expensive alternative to the Four in One. Catalog image *here*.

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Conn Dupont "Superior Class" Eb cornet.

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Conn Dupont "Superior Class" Cornet. Serial number 1,2XX. This is Conns version of a Besson model cornet, and offered as a lower priced alternative to Conns own designs. Catalog image *here*.

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Conn Solo Cornet.  Serial number 1,9XX. Built in Bb and A. Utilizes the fixed lengths of tubing like the Four in One. Catalog image *here*.

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Conn Cornet, Artist's model. Serial number 37XX. Advertised as "Approved by Levy, Hutchins, Arbuckle, Bent, Henry, Dale, Skelton, Boos and many other celebrated artists" This cornet was engraved by Jake Gardner- see the "G" for Gardner engraved above the Conn name. Catalog image *here*.

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Conn Clear Bore Vocal Cornet. Serial number 4,3XX. Another early model Conn, plays in C, Bb, and A. Click *here* to see a photo of a musician with his Clear Bore Vocal cornet. Catalog image *here*.

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Conn Ultimatum Cornet. Serial number 6,3XX. Patent number 261,082, granted July 11, 1882. While I've not been able to locate any Ultimatums actually stamped with this patent date, and the first patent drawing does not entirely duplicate the production model, a careful reading of the patent text leads me to believe that the Ultimatum would be covered under this patent. Click *here*  to see an original advertising picture. *Musician with his Ultimatum cornet*

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Conn Ultimatum (?) Cornet. Serial number 11,4XX. This cornet appears to be a variation on the standard Ultimatum configuration. Covered by patent number 343,889, granted June 15, 1886- the same day as the Wonder valve patent. The text of the patent allows for connecting either the first or second, or second and third valves with tubing long enough to admit a tuning slide. This instrument connects the second and third valves with the longer tubing, and its mounted on the opposite side when compared to the patent illustration, but the concept applies.

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Conn Wonder Cornet. Serial number 12,2XXPatent number 343,888 for valves, granted June 15, 1886. This early Wonder model has a Heald waterkey, but lacks the familier finger push rods on the main tuning slide that allow tuning while leaving hands in playing position. The tuning slide would be covered under patent number 442,955, granted Dec. 16, 1890.  *Advertisement*  *Musician with his Wonder cornet*

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Conn Eb Wonder Cornet.  Serial number 17,5XX. *Catalog image*

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Conn Ultimatum (?) Cornet. Serial number 21,5XX. This gold plated cornet seems to be another variation on the usual Ultimatum design. Its also very late in the Ultimatum run, overlapping the start of the Wonder line. The bell crook has a very "Wonder" look to it. Note the very interesting water keys, independant of each other but easily activated together, each key having a half circle touch.

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Conn American Model Orchestra Cornet. Serial number 45,XXX. Stamped with the patent for the Wonder valve arrangement, patent number 442,955 would also seem to apply.

Conn Eb Wonder Cornet. Serial number 64,XXX.

Conn Perfected Wonder Cornet. Serial number 94,XXX. Patent number 828,723, for "quick change to A" mechanism. *Musician with his Perfected Wonder*  *Advertising image*

Conn Wonderphone Cornet. Serial number 101,XXX.

Conn New Creation Cornet. Serial number 116,XXX. Patent number 848,726.

Conn Cornet/flugel, model unknown. Serial number 123,XXX. Cornet or pocket flugelhorn? It seems to be a little of each.

Conn "Circus Bore" Cornet. Serial number 125,XXX. *Catalog image*

Conn New Wonder Vocal Cornet. Serial number 139,XXX. *Catalog image*

Conn Victor New Wonder/Metzler Pocket Conversion. Serial number 146XXX. Converted from a full size instrument into a pocket model by Mark Metzler. This instrument retains the quick change to A mechanism- when the main tuning slide is pulled, the valve slides extend proportionally. Lew Green gave it a workout at the 2008 Elkhart Jazz Festival. Check out Lews site *here*.

Conn Victor New Wonder Cornet. Serial number 160,XXX. Marked "U.S.N." with an anchor, also marked "Great Lakes". While stories of horns that were played in one of Sousas bands abound, this one just may have- Sousa was bandmaster at the Great Lakes Naval Training Center from 1917 to 1919, around the time this instrument was made.  

Conn Victor Cornet. Serial number 213,XXX. Patent number 1,240,177 for the micro tuning mechanism. Gold plated, quick change to A mechanism. When the main tuning slide is pulled, a series of flat rods extend the valve slides proportionally for the key of A. *Young man with his Victor*

Conn Slide Cornet. Serial number 212,XXX. *Catalog image*

Conn 26A Cornet. Serial number 301,XXX.

Conn 40A Cornet. Serial number 312,XXX. Patent number 1,966,119  granted July 10th, 1934.

 Conn Trumpets

Conn Trumpet. Serial number 76,XXX. This trumpet needs a lot of work, but early Conn trumpets are not common, so I'm including it here.

Conn Trumpet. Serial number 116,XXX. Union label. 

Conn 2B Trumpet. Serial number 281,XXX.

Conn 56B trumpet. Serial number 263,XXX.

Conn Flugelhorns

 Conn Wonder Flugelhorn. Serial number 82,XXX.

Conn Background Brass

Conn Dupont Baritone. Serial number 1,4XX. Patent number 222,248, for valves.

Conn Eb Tuba. Serial number 4,2XX. Patent number 249,012, granted November 1st, 1881, for valves. Unusual for an American maker, Conns version of the Stoelzel valve has only been found on background brass.

Conn Eb Alto Helicon. Serial number 10,XXX. Conn Alto helicons are quite rare. Shown in "as found" condition, next to a Bb Conn Wonder cornet for size reference.

Conn Eb Solo Alto. Serial number 68,XXX. *Advertising picture*.

Conn Double Bell Alto horn. Serial number 107,XXX. Conn made few double bell altos, compared to the relatively large number of double bell Euphoniums.

Valve Sections

Gardner Valve Section. Patent number 1,112,444, granted October 6, 1914. James H. "Jake" Gardner was said to be the only man at Conn that could produce a finished instrument from raw materials, engrave it, then play it. This valve section was most likely kept by Conn for their patent records.

"Patent Record" Valve. Patent number 1,716,917, granted June 11, 1929, for valve guide.

First Conn Short Action Valve Section? This side action baritone valve section has a tag attached which reads, "#289709 VALVE / BELIEVED TO BE THE FIRST /  CONRAD SHORT-ACTION / VALVE MADE- / REMOVED JAN. 1936. / KEEP FOR PATENT RECORD- / A. L.  JAN. 30, 1936". On the edge of the tag is a note "PLAYED 1/4/34". The words "Believed to be" are marked off. The initails A. L. would almost certainly stand for Allen Loomis, Conns Chief Research Engineer. I've been unable to locate a patent that would cover the short action feature, but patent number 1,984,704, granted December 18, 1934, covers the offset stems. Another short action "patent record" valve section can be seen *here* - unfortunately missing its tag.

Ephemera

Conn factory fire postcards, 1910. Conns factory was completely destroyed by fire on two seperate ocassions. The first factory was destroyed in 1883, after which he rebuilt the factory on Jackson Street. This was destroyed on May 22, 1910. Conn was in California at the time, and upon his return to Elkhart announced his intention to rebuild the factory on Beardsley Street.

Miscellaneous Related Items

Conn Camera Club Medal. Engraved on the back "Presented to / John Richards / for having won first / place in contest points / Awarded Mar 13th, 1941." Gold plated, hand engraved, apparently made in the Conn factory.

Conn Police Badges. A hat badge and shirt badge, most likely used by Conn security personel.

Conn Tour Souvenir. Given out to guests that toured the Conn factory. Various small parts encased in plastic.

Conn Retirement Pin.

Conn Mail Bag. For mailing parts.